In this latest book he goes after a view of faith that he calls certainty-seeking faith - an attempt to psychologically convince ourselves that we are certain of our beliefs because we think that this is what God wants, this is the faith that pleases him. In an excellent chapter (10) he confronts the verses in the Bible that could be taken to mean this and demonstrates a better way of understanding them. But he also shows how this view of faith is just unbiblical in a far more fundamental way. He argues that faith should not be seen in psychological terms but in covenantal terms. It is not about our beliefs primarily but about trust in a person - God revealed in Christ; and our commitment to that person based on that trust. Although this involves belief, it is far more than that. Faith is like the 'I do' of a marriage vow and the on-going living out of that vow.
This does not require that we be certain about all our beliefs but that we are 'confident enough' in the person of Jesus Christ. One of the things that I love about Boyd's approach, as with many of his writings, is the Christ-centredness of it all. From this place of trust and confidence in Christ, and his unconditional love, it is then OK to wrestle with God about the doubts and questions we have from inside that relationship. And without that relationship being threatened. This honest and trusting, 'wrestling faith' is actually what pleases God (as Boyd shows really well from Jacob and Job, though less convincingly from Jesus at Gethsemane and Calvary). From the central point of trust in 'Jesus Christ and him crucified' (because it is the Cross which presents the most stunning revelation of what God is really like), we are then free to explore our beliefs in relationship with Him. He shows this Christ-centred approach brilliantly in relation to questions we may have about the Bible and our interpretation of it (Chapter 9). And in keeping with the subtitle, he argues that seeking certainty from the Bible and our beliefs can involve us in making idols of them instead of finding our source of life in Christ - which is exactly the mistake the Pharisees made (John 5:39-40).
There are gaps and weaknesses - I'd have liked him to explore and evaluate the idea of 'revelation knowledge' (easily abused!) and of the idea of 'full assurance' or 'conviction' that the Holy Spirit may give (see 1 Thess.1:5) and how that combines with a questioning faith. But on the whole this is a really welcome and thorough explanation of a way of thinking about faith. An explanation that enables us to journey in terms of the formation of our beliefs. With a refreshing honesty and authenticity as he shares vulnerably from his own faith journey, he is strongly critical of the certainty-seeking, conservative form of Christianity of his early experience:
'Faith isn't viewed as a journey in which one explores and possibly changes beliefs along the way in this inflexible understanding of Christianity. It's a fixed package about which one must strive to be certain.'Thankfully, his well articulated understanding of faith - that I gladly share - encourage us to journey, to explore and to change.